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Draw Curve Line with VC++/MFC visualization Control

 
 

Sample Image - curvectrl.jpg

Introduction

  • Derived from CWnd, easy to use
  • Fits width and height of drawing rect
  • Zooming in and out
  • Mouse coordinates tracing
  • Single/multiple selected by clicking mouse button
  • Cross-line tracing mouse
  • Add or delete a point of a curve by clicking mouse button
  • Edit vertical value of a point of a curve by moving mouse with button down
  • Easy to move, shift or mirror one curve
  • Notify control�s owner when curve changing
  • Owner determines whether to modify curve data by return values of message handle functions
  • Unicode support
  • Compiles under Windows 2000, VC++ 6.0 with warning level 4

Background

Recently, I wanted to visualize data in one of my applications. I had searched from Internet and downloaded some curve controls. Most of them are beautiful and work well, but none works as I want it to be. After reading source code of some controls, I decided to develop one curve control which would meet my application�s requirements.

Classes

CCurve

CCurve class, derived from CObject is used to store data and curve properties. It does not perform data adding or deleting.

  • void ShowCurve(BOOL bShow = TRUE);
  • BOOL IsVisible();

    Sets/gets visualization.

  • void Select(BOOL bSelect = TRUE);
  • BOOL IsSelected

    Sets/gets selected.

  • BOOL SetCurveName(CString& strName);
  • CString GetCurveName();

    Sets/gets curve name.

  • void SetCurveColor(COLORREF color);
  • COLORREF GetCurveColor();

    Sets/gets curve line color.

  • void SetCurveStyle(int iStyle);
  • int GetCurveStyle();

    Sets/gets curve line style.

  • void SetCurveWidth(int nWidth);
  • int GetCurveWidth();

    Sets/gets curve line width.

  • float Distance(const CPoint& pt1, const CPoint& pt2);

    Gets distance between two points.

  • BOOL IsPointNearCurve(const CPoint& point, int& iIndex);

    Whether the point is near the curve.

CCurveCtrl

  • BOOL Create(const RECT& rect, CWnd* parent, UINT nID,DWORD dwStyle = WS_CHILD | WS_BORDER | WS_TABSTOP | WS_VISIBLE);

    Creates control, where rect is the dimensions. Refer to MSDN.

  • int AddCurve(const CString& strName, COLORREF color = RGB(0, 0, 0), int iStyle = PS_SOLID, int nWidth = 1);

    Adds one curve to control.

  • BOOL AddData(const CString& strName, float fHori, float fVert);
  • BOOL AddData(CCurve* pCurve, float fHori, float fVert);

    Adds data to a curve by index or object pointer.

  • BOOL AddCurveData(const CString& strName, const CArray< float, float >& ArrHori, const CArray< float, float >& ArrVert);

    Adds one curve and data at the same time.

  • CCurve* GetCurve(int iIndex);
  • CCurve* GetCurve(const CString& strName);

    Gets a curve object�s pointer by its index in CCurveCtrl or its name.

  • int GetIndex(const CCurve* pCurve);

    Gets a curves index in CCurveCtrl by pointer.

  • BOOL Remove(int index);
  • BOOL Remove(const CString& strName);
  • void RemoveAll();

    Removes a curve or all of the curves in CCurveCtrl.

  • int GetCurveCount();

    Gets total count of curves.

  • int GetSelectedCount();

    Gets count of selected curves.

  • void Move(BOOL bLeft);
  • void MovePage(BOOL bLeft);

    Moves all curves and coordinate scales left or right (will not modify data).

  • void CurveLeft(CCurve* pCurve, float fLen); void CurveRight(CCurve* pCurve, float fLen);

    Shifts a curve left or right (will modify data of the curve).

  • void MirrorHori(CCurve* pCurve, float fMid);

    Mirrors a curve in horizontal.

  • void MirrorVert(CCurve* pCurve, float fMid);

    Mirrors a curve in vertical.

  • void Restore();

    Shows all points of all curves.

  • BOOL Zoom(BOOL bIn);

    Zooms in (bIn: TRUE) or zooms out (bIn: FALSE).

  • void SetHoriLabel(CString& str);
  • CString GetHoriLabel();

    Sets/gets horizontal label.

  • void SetVertLabel(CString& str);
  • CString GetVertLabel();

    Sets/gets vertical label.

  • void ShowCross(BOOL bShow);
  • BOOL IsShowCross();

    Whether to show cross lines.

  • void SetMargin(const CRect& rect);
  • CRect GetMargin();

    Sets/gets margin left to show title, etc.

  • void EnableEdit(BOOL bEdit);
  • BOOL CanEditCurve();

    Whether can edit curve data by using mouse.

  • void SetGridLineStyle(int iStyle);
  • int GetGridLineStyle();

    Sets/gets style of grid line in background.

Notifications

Following notify messages will be sent to controls owner window (parent or not) if curve selected/ deselected or data modified by mouse operation:

  • CVN_MVALUE_ADD - a point added to curve.
  • CVN_MVALUE_CHANG - Y value of a point changing.
  • CVN_MVALUE_DELETE - a point deleted.
  • CVN_CURVE_SELECTED - a curve is selected.
  • CVN_CURVE_CANCELSELECT - a curve is deselected.
  • CVN_CURVE_SELECTNONE - deselected all curves.

Struct

Collapse Copy Code
typedef struct tagNM_CURVECTRL {
       NMHDR  hdr;      // curve object pointer
       void*  pCurve;   // curve object pointer
       int    iIndex;                                   
       float  fHori;    // horizontal value where cursor is
       float  fVert;    // vertical value where cursor is
} NM_CURVECTRL;

Note the iIndex member: it is the index of the point in the curve if the message sent to owner is CVN_MVALUE_ADD, CVN_MVALUE_CHANGE or CVN_MVALUE_DELETE; it is the index of the curve in CCurveCtrl if the message sent to owner is CVN_CURVE_SELECTED, CVN_CURVE_CANCELSELECT or CVN_CURVE_SELECTNONE.

Usage

Following steps demonstrate how to use CCurveCtrl in a dialog-based application:

  1. Add curvectrl.h and curvectrl.cpp into your project;
  2. Add a CCurveCtrl pointer member to your CDialog class:
    Collapse Copy Code
    CCurveCtrl*  m_pCurveCtrl;

    And also add include statement:

    Collapse Copy Code
    #include �CurveCtrl.h�
  3. Set m_pCurveCtrl as NULL in your dialog construction functions:
    Collapse Copy Code
    m_pCurveCtrl = NULL;

    Add control�s resource ID to your resource.h file, such as:

    Collapse Copy Code
    #define ID_CURVE_CONTROL   9999

    In your CDialog::OnInitDialog(), add statements as following:

    Collapse Copy Code
    if (NULL == m_pCurveCtrl)
    {
        m_pCurveCtrl = new CCurveCtrl;
        m_pCurveCtrl->Create(CRect(10, 10, 200, 200),    
                             this, 
                             ID_CURVE_CONTROL);    // resorce ID
                             m_pCurveCtrl->SetMargin(CRect(70, 50, 50, 50));
    }
  4. Add one curve and data as following:
    Collapse Copy Code
    CString  strName(TestOne);
    m_pCurveCtrl->AddCurve(strName, RGB(255, 0, 0));
    
    for (float f = 0.0f; f < 6.28f; f += 0.1f)
    {
        m_pCurveCtrl->AddData(strTitle, 
                             (m_nCurveCount) * f, 
                             100.f * float(sin(f)));
    }
    m_pCurveCtrl->Invalidate();

    If you want to add/delete or edit points with mouse operation, you must call:

    Collapse Copy Code
    m_pCurveCtrl->EnableEdit(TRUE);

    Controls owner will receive notify message, and if the return values of the messages is not 0 (>0 or <0), the edit or selection /deselection attempts will be rejected.

    For example, to handle the message of CVN_MVALUE_CHANG, add a handler in your dialog source file: 

    Collapse Copy Code
    BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CTestCurveDlg, CDialog)
             ... ...
    ON_NOTIFY(CVN_MVALUE_CHANG, ID_CURVE_CONTROL, OnCurveMouseModify)
    END_MESSAGE_MAP()
     
    // message handle function
    void CTestCurveDlg::OnCurveMouseModify(NMHDR *pNotifyStruct, LRESULT* pResult)
    {
        NM_CURVECTRL* pItem = (NM_CURVECTRL*)pNotifyStruct;
        CCurve* pCurve = (CCurve*)pItem->pCurve;
        CString str;
        str.Format("%s: index: %d, %.1f, %.1f", 
                            pCurve->GetCurveName(), 
                            pItem->iIndex, 
                            pItem->fHori, 
                            pItem->fVert);
        TRACE(str);
        // Uncomment following statement if to reject changing
        // *pResult = 1;
    }

Refer to sample application TestCurve if you want more information.

 

 

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